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What Causes Painful Sex in Women?

Date: Oct 20,2018   Read: 
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What Causes Painful Intercourse (Sex)?
Pain during intercourse is one of the most common causes of problems of sexual dysfunction. The prevalence of such pain seems to be increasing over time. Possible reasons for this apparent increased prevalence include Changes in the sexual behavior in increase in the frequency of sexually transmitted diseases, increased willingness to discuss sexual behavior and dysfunction, due to thinning and dryness of the vaginal walls after menopause, some women report that sex is more painful than prior to menopause. Vulvodynia is a condition that causes chronic pain in the vulvar area that is not related to a known cause. Women with vulvodynia may experience pain with sexual intercourse. Other conditions that can cause painful intercourse include: injuries or irritation of the vagina due to any cause, infections, vaginismus (muscle spasms of the vaginal wall muscles), urinary tract infection, and skin conditions that affect the genital areas. 

In many cases, a woman can experience painful sex if there is not sufficient vaginal lubrication. When this occurs, the pain can be resolved if the female becomes more relaxed, if the amount of foreplay is increased, or if the couple uses a sexual lubricant.
In some cases, a woman can experience painful sex if one of the following conditions is present:
· Vaginismus. This is a common condition. It involves an involuntary spasm in the vaginal muscles, sometimes caused by fear of being hurt.
· Vaginal infections. These conditions are common and include yeast infections.
· Problems with the cervix (opening to the uterus). In this case, the penis can reach the cervix at maximum penetration. So problems with the cervix (such as infections) can cause pain during deep penetration.
· Problems with the uterus. These problems may include fibroids that can cause deep intercourse pain.
· Endometriosis. This is a condition in which the tissue similar to that which lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.
· Problems with the ovaries. Problems might include cysts on the ovaries.
· Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). With PID, the tissues deep inside become badly inflamed and the pressure of intercourse causes deep pain.
· Ectopic pregnancy. This is a pregnancy in which a fertilized egg develops outside the uterus.
· Menopause. With menopause, the vaginal lining can lose its normal moisture and become dry.
· Intercourse too soon after surgery or childbirth.
· Sexually transmitted diseases. These may include genital wartsherpes sores, or other STDs.
· Injury to the vulva or vagina. These injuries may include a tear from childbirth or from a cut (episiotomy) made in the area of skin between the vagina and anus during labor.
Vulvodynia. This refers to chronic pain that affects a woman's external sexual organs -- collectively called the vulva -- including the labia, clitoris, and vaginal opening. It may occur in just one spot, or affect different areas from one time to the next. Doctors don't know what causes it, and there is no known cure. But self-care combined with medical treatments can help bring relief.

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